Why does the cross-race effect happen?
Another reason the cross-race-effect may occur is that perceptions are often affected by motivations, expectations, and social cognition. Overall, the creation of norms has shaped and biased even simple perceptions such as line lengths.
What is the cross-race effect quizlet?
Other-race effect. The tendency to recall faces of one’s own race more accurately than faces of other races. Also called the cross-race effect and the own-race bias. Just-world phenomenon. The tendency for people to believe the world is just and that people therefore get what they deserve and deserve what they get.
What is the cross-race effect also known as?
The Cross-Race Effect explains why some people are better at recognizing faces of people of their own race, rather than those of a different race. It is sometimes called the Other-Race Effect or Own-Race Bias.
Which theory best explains why our actions?
Which theory best explains why our actions can lead us to modify our attitudes? Cognitive dissonance theory is most helpful for understanding the impact of: role-playing on attitude change.
Which factor is a social cultural influence on the expression of aggressive behavior?
What psychological and social-cultural factors may trigger aggressive behavior? Frustration (frustration-aggression principle), previous reinforcement for aggressive behavior, observing an aggressive role model, and poor self-control can all contribute to aggression.
What are the characteristics of race?
The scientific classification of human racial types is based on certain combinations of fixed, inherited, as far as possible measurable and visually identifiable traits, such as head shape, facial features, nose shape, eye shape and colour, skin colour, stature, blood groups etc.
How accurate is cross racial identification?
Cross-racial identifications are frequently inaccurate because of own-race bias, the proven difficulty to identify facial characteristics in other races; this is likely why 42 percent of wrongful convictions based on misidentifications are cross-racial misidentifications.
Which theory best explains why our actions can lead us to change our attitudes?
Which of the motivational theory theories do you think is best for describing human behavior in the workplace?
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Of all the types of approaches to motivation in workplaces, this is probably the most famous. Maslow’s needs form a pyramid with physiological needs at the base and self-actualization needs at the top.
How is our behavior affected by the presence of others or by being part of a group?
How is our behavior affected by the presence of others or by being part of a group? Social facilitation experiments reveal that the presence of either observers or co-actors can arouse individuals, boosting their performance on easy tasks but hindering it on difficult ones.
What conditions help strengthen conformity?
Seven conditions that strengthen conformity: 1) one feels insecure, 2) group has at least three people, 3) group is unanimous, 4) One admires the group, 5) one has no prior commitment to a response, 6) group is watching, 7) _____________.
What are the characteristics of racial diversity?
Diversity recognizes and values differences within as well as between racial identities, noting the intersectionality of many groups including “ethnicity, gender… age, national origin, religion, disability, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, education, marital status, language, and physical appearance.
What is the meaning of race equality?
Racial equality is a situation in which people of all races are treated in the same way. In other words, regardless of physical traits such as skin color, racial equality occurs when institutions give individuals legal, moral, and political equality of opportunity.
What is cross race identification?
Cross-racial identification is when the witness and the defendant being identified are of different racial backgrounds.
How do individuals seek consistency among their attitudes and between their attitudes and their behavior?
According to cognitive dissonance theory, there is a tendency for individuals to seek consistency among their cognitions (i.e., beliefs, opinions). When there is an inconsistency between attitudes or behaviors (dissonance), something must change to eliminate the dissonance.
Which theory of attitudes states that people are motivated to take action to resolve inconsistencies between attitudes and behaviors?
Chapter 8 Consumer Behavior
|experiential||According to THIS hierarchy, the consumer considers purchases based on an attitude of hedonic consumption|
|cognitive dissonance||theory of attitudes states that people are motivated to take action to resolve inconsistencies between attitudes and behaviors|
Which motivation theory have you found to be most useful in explaining why people behave in a certain way?
Instinct Theory of Motivation According to instinct theories, people are motivated to behave in certain ways because they are evolutionarily programmed to do so.
What motivational theories are used in motivating employees?
So what are the main theories of work motivation? We’ve selected three high-profile theories that offer an interesting take on what motivates different individuals: Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, McClelland’s Three Needs Theory, and Herzberg’s Motivation Theory.
How does the presence of others affect an individuals behavior?
It is concluded that the mere presence of others is a sufficient condition for social facilitation and social interference effects. The power of others to influence an individual’s behavior is readily apparent in problems of imitation, conformity, competition, helping, and aggression.