Creative methods of Leonardo da Vinci Part 1
Compare Leonardo with a man who woke up too early when it's still dark and everyone is asleep. In order to understand how, under what circumstances was the unique personality of Leonardo, it is necessary to remember about it in a historical context. Wrote the researcher of the middle Ages and the Renaissance William Manchester, on the eve of the Renaissance, Europe was the center of wars and lawlessness, and monstrous myths of impenetrable stupidity.
From sunset of the Western Roman Empire before the Renaissance, there were no any significant inventions are not born any staggering new ideas, outside of Europe there were no geographical discoveries. "Everything you need to know, it seemed, had long been known. And nothing ever changes".
However, in the fourteenth century, Europe was swept by a terrible plague. Became extinct about half of the population. Equally defenseless in front of her face and turned merchants, and peasants, and aristocrats, and priests. Died as famous for his meanness charlatans and pious parishioners. The consequence of this was two things: the religious faith of the people was shaken in all layers of society and great wealth concentrated in the hands of the few remaining heirs.
These circumstances caused a certain and sustainable shift in the public consciousness: answers to existential questions about life and death, people began to search not only in prayer; large sums of money began to invest in scholarship, education, science.
Emerged and rapidly developed the idea of humanism the worldview that has spread to almost all areas of culture and society, put forward the ideal activity of man as the Creator of his earthly life, able to comprehend and draw their own benefit the wealth of the world. Humanism carried the huge potential of secularism and rationalism, opening the way to scientific knowledge.
In relation to the ancient culture established the idea of the need to restore continuity.
In relation to medieval culture emphasized the gap based on the protest against formal logical scientific method of medieval scholasticism. Christianity has been interpreted as a universal ethical norms, not rejecting the achievements of ancient culture. Revived the ancient theory of imitation (mimesis), was based on a desire to simulate, but need to be updated.
Intellectual energy is now less restrained scholastic religious dogma, has broken the dam of medieval ban on all new: 1452 birth of Leonardo da Vinci in 1473 Copernicus in 1475 Michelangelo, in 1480, Magellan, 1483 Raphael, 1488, Titian, in 1492 Columbus discovered the New world. The list can be continued "ad infinitum".
But in the eyes of posterity it is the personality of Leonardo da Vinci symbolizes the flowering of the Renaissance. He was physically perfect handsome, strong; possessed many talents singing, drawing, wrote beautiful poetry and songs, scintillating wit and all showed a wonderful combination of wit and practicality.
About Leonardo we can say that he embodied the Golden Dream of Mankind. Like the dream of an ordinary man who feels that he can do everything (for example, to overcome gravity and fly like a bird), Leonardo in real life was guided by an unusual motto: "Knowledge of all things attainable and possible."
He learned, for example, to write, to draw and to fence with both hands, developed a unique system of sleep and rest, the system of keeping records of exercise, diet, gymnastics of the mind and methods of developing imagination. Leonardo showed himself as a great artist and inventor, scientist and actor, a mechanic and a poet, digester and cook, teacher and engineer. He has made unique discoveries in comparative anatomy, Geology, physics, botany, was the author of a vast number of inventions.