What are the three elements of a load securement system?
The Securement System A securement system is a securement method that uses one or a combination of the following elements: Vehicle Structure. Securing Devices. Blocking and Bracing Equipment.
Whats the best practice for securing a load?
Tips to secure your load:
- Tie down using rope, netting, straps, or chains.
- Put lighter items lower and place heavier items on top to help keep them in place and secure the heavy items directly to your vehicle.
- Cover your load with a tarp.
- Don’t overload your vehicle.
- Double-check that your load is secure.
What is load securement?
Load/cargo securement is a fairly simple safety concept. There is an expectation that items transported in or on your vehicle will stay on the vehicle until ready to be removed. The concept applies to just about anyone who operates a vehicle(s) to conduct business.
Why need to secure and protect loads?
Properly securing a load also prevents environmental damage. If the company is transporting liquids and the load shifts, containers may be damaged enough that the liquid begins leaking out. If this liquid is hazardous in any way, it may cause irreparable damage to the environment around the shipping containers.
Why is load securement important?
Under Part FMCRS 393.100, the company and driver must ensure cargo transported on a public road is loaded in a manner that prevents the cargo from leaking, spilling, blowing, or falling from the vehicle. In addition, the load or vehicle contents must be secured to prevent shifting.
How do you tighten a load binder?
Hook one end near the cargo you’re securing and hook the other end to the same chain near the anchor point; try to attach the chain as tightly as possible. Pull the lever down to tighten the chain and adjust as needed to get the proper security needed to keep your cargo secure.
What size load binders do I need?
Four chains of 2,000 lbs WLL each will equal 8,000 lbs total, enough capacity to secure an 8,000 lb load. Each binder must also have a WLL of at least 2,000 lbs. A good rule to follow is to always use binders that have an equal or greater capacity than the chains they will tighten.
How do you restrain a load?
- Direct restraint. This is when you attach you load directly onto your vehicle.
- Know your load.
- Pick the right vehicle for your load.
- Pick the right load restraint system.
- Know the safe practices for loading and unloading.
- Position your load right.
- Check your equipment.
- Make sure your load is stable.
What is load safety?
This is to protect the people involved in loading, unloading and driving the vehicle, together with other road users and pedestrians. This topic covers all aspects of load safety, including choosing the most suitable vehicle to transport a load, the types of cargo that may be carried, and how to manage potential risks.
How do you stop load shifting?
Below are confirmed methodology to help prevent load shifts:
- Cargo is loaded/secured properly.
- Follow the methodology of the PGT Load Securement Manual.
- Utilize belly wraps when possible.
- Drive with safe driving habits.
- Inspect equipment to ensure it is in proper working order.
- Stop forward motion with. Trip blocks.
What are the 3 main methods of direct load restraint?
In general, there are four different methods for restraining loads on a vehicle. Three of them belong to a group called Direct Restraint. They are containment, blocking, and attaching. The fourth method is tie-down restraint.
How many chains does it take to secure a load?
The load being tied down must not exceed the combined WLL of all the chains being used. For example, if your cargo weighs 8,000 lbs and you will use 4 chains, each chain must have a WLL of at least 2,000 lbs. Four chains of 2,000 lbs WLL each will equal 8,000 lbs total, enough capacity to secure an 8,000 lb load.
How do you secure a load in a shipping container?
Distribute Weight Equally
- Avoid putting all the heavy items together in one corner or on one side of the container.
- Spread the weight evenly across the entire area of the container’s floor.
- Box, crate, or skid heavy, dense items.
- Ensure cargo tiers are level when stacking.
What is maximum securing load?
“Maximum Securing Load (MSL)” is a term used to define the allowable load capacity for a device used to secure cargo to a ship. “Safe Working Load (SWL)” may be substituted for MSL for securing purposes, provided this is equal to or exceeds the strength defined by MSL.
Why is load securing important?
Why should loads be secured? Loads should be secured to keep everyone safe and to ensure that unsecured loads cannot lead to injury, death, or significant property damage during the transport or unloading of goods.
How does air cargo security work?
Air cargo security measures aim to protect cargo from theft, but they also secure cargo against incoming materials such as bombs or drugs. Security is a very critical element of the air cargo supply chain.
What is the Transportation Security Administration’s air cargo security program?
This broad, ongoing effort seeks to address requirements of air cargo security stakeholders (e.g., the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), commercial air carriers, and freight forwarders).
What are the security threats to air cargo?
Another security threat to air cargo includes the threat of explosives. A long-standing concern for cargo loaded on passenger aircraft, several incidents have shown that U.S. bound air cargo shipments are targeted.
What is the air cargo screening program?
The Air Cargo Screening Program is structured around developing new air cargo security technologies and enhancing existing air cargo security systems. The program objective is to counter current and future air cargo threats.