Where is the Taj Mahal located exactly?
The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum complex in Agra, western Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It is considered the finest example of Mughal architecture (a blend of Indian, Persian, and Islamic styles). The Taj Mahal is also one of the world’s most iconic monuments, visited by millions of tourists each year.
What influenced the Taj Mahal’s architecture?
The Taj Mahal is renowned for its Mughal architecture, although its style combines elements from Persian, Ottoman Turkish and Indian architecture, and was inspired by certain Timurid and Mughal buildings, such as the Gur-e Amir (the tomb of Timur, Samarkand), Itmad-Ud-Daulah’s Tomb (“Baby Taj”, Agra), and the Jama …
What was the Taj Mahal’s original purpose?
It was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal with construction starting in 1632 AD and completed in 1648 AD, with the mosque, the guest house and the main gateway on the south, the outer courtyard and its cloisters were added subsequently and completed in 1653 AD.
What is the story behind the Taj Mahal’s construction?
It was built by the fifth Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan in 1631 in memory of his third but the most favourite wife, in fact a soul-mate Mumtaz Mahal, a Muslim Persian princess. She died while accompanying her husband in Burhanpur in a campaign to crush a rebellion after giving birth to their 13th child.
Is Taj Mahal in Delhi or up?
The Taj Mahal is situated in district of Agra in Uttar Pradesh, India. It is one of the most famous mausoleums of white marble around the world which is visited by millions of tourists from across the world every year.
Is Agra in Delhi?
Agra, city, western Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It lies in the Indo-Gangetic Plain on the Yamuna (Jumna) River about 125 miles (200 km) southeast of Delhi. Agra Fort (Red Fort), Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India.
What are 3 special features of the Taj Mahal?
The special features of the Taj Mahal are:
- It is made of pure white marble with its special lustre and fine texture.
- The main structure is surrounded by gardens, fountains and pools.
- The Mausoleum is built on a 6.6 metre high plinth.
- The interior octagonal chambers are connected to one another by diagonal passages.
What is the style of architecture in Taj Mahal?
Mughal architectureTaj Mahal / Architectural style
Why are Taj Mahal basements sealed?
“There is no secret history in the basement, it is for security reasons only that the area is kept out of bounds for visitors,” the official said.
Why is Taj Mahal a historical place?
The Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum built by Emperor Shah Jahan for his second wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who died in childbirth in 1631. For the story behind its construction, it is axiomatic to say that it is one of the greatest monuments to love ever built.
What is inside Taj Mahal basement?
No secret history The so-called “22 rooms” in the basement of the Taj Mahal are not really rooms, rather a long arched corridor along which doors were fixed so the space could be utilised better, sources in the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) who have seen the basement area on several occasions, said.
Is Delhi in Agra?
Agra (/ˈɑːɡrə/, Hindustani: [ˈaːgraː] ( listen)) is a city on the banks of the Yamuna river in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, about 210 kilometres (130 mi) south of the national capital New Delhi and 378 km west of the state capital Lucknow.
Why is Agra so poor?
Agra is poor as majority of people are workers in shoe industry. they do not get good amount as wages. due to lack of water , agriculture is also not in very good condition.
Where did the Taj Mahal’s marble come from?
It took the efforts of 22,000 labourers, painters, embroidery artists and stonecutters to shape the Taj Mahal. The translucent white marble was brought from Makrana, Rajasthan, the jasper from Punjab, jade and crystal from China.
What are the two 2 Interesting Facts About Taj Mahal?
15 Interesting Facts about Taj Mahal
- It was built to honor the favorite wife of Shah Jahan.
- The Taj Mahal is one of the new seven wonders of the world.
- It has Islamic calligraphy inscriptions all over.
- Cars and buses must stay at least 500 meters away from Taj Mahal.
What is the design of the Taj Mahal?
It was designed by Ustad Ahmad Lahauri, and is generally regarded as the best example of Mughal architecture, which is a blend of Indian, Persian and Islamic styles. The architectural principles the Taj Mahal encapsulates include: Rational and strict geometry. Perfect symmetrical planning.
Who lived in Red Fort?
During its history of over three centuries, the fort saw many occupants, including Aurangzeb, Jahandar Shah, Muhammad Shah, and Bahadur Shah II, among others.
Where is the Taj Mahal located?
Le Taj Mahal. Immense mausolée funéraire de marbre blanc édifiée entre 1631 et 1648 à Agra sur l’ordre de l’empereur moghol Shah Jahan pour perpétuer le souvenir de son épouse favorite, le Taj Mahal, joyau le plus parfait de l’art musulman en Inde, est l’un des chefs-d’œuvre universellement admirés du patrimoine de l’humanité.
How do you reach the top of the Taj Mahal?
The top of the platform is reached through a lateral flight of steps provided in the centre of the southern side. The ground plan of the Taj Mahal is in perfect balance of composition, the octagonal tomb chamber in the centre, encompassed by the portal halls and the four corner rooms.
What happened to the Taj Mahal and its gardens?
As the Mughal Empire declined, the Taj Mahal and its gardens also declined. By the end of the 19th century, the British Empire controlled more than three-fifths of India, and assumed management of the Taj Mahal. They changed the landscaping to their liking which more closely resembled the formal lawns of London.
Where is the main gate in the Taj Mahal?
The most impressive in the Taj Mahal complex next to the tomb, is the main gate which stands majestically in the centre of the southern wall of the forecourt. The gate is flanked on the north front by double arcade galleries.