## How do I report chi-square results in SPSS?

Quick Steps

- Click on Analyze -> Descriptive Statistics -> Crosstabs.
- Drag and drop (at least) one variable into the Row(s) box, and (at least) one into the Column(s) box.
- Click on Statistics, and select Chi-square.
- Press Continue, and then OK to do the chi square test.
- The result will appear in the SPSS output viewer.

**How do you find chi-square frequency?**

Chi-square test of equal frequencies

- Determine the expected frequency.
- For each category, subtract the expected frequency from the actual (observed) frequency.
- Take the square of each of these results and divide each square by the expected frequency.
- Add up all the results.

**How do you report chi-square results in a paper?**

Some things to look out for:

- There are two ways to cite p values.
- The calculated chi-square statistic should be stated at two decimal places.
- P values don’t have a leading 0 – i.e., not 0.05, just .
- Remember to restate your hypothesis in your results section before detailing your result.

### How do I report Pearson chi square results?

Chi Square Chi-Square statistics are reported with degrees of freedom and sample size in parentheses, the Pearson chi-square value (rounded to two decimal places), and the significance level: The percentage of participants that were married did not differ by gender, X2(1, N = 90) = 0.89, p > . 05.

**How would you print a bar chart that you have just produced in SPSS?**

To print, click on File | Print (or the printer button in the button bar). The Print dialog box will appear: In the Print dialog box, select whether you want all the visible output printed or just the selected item. Click on OK.

**How do you calculate expected frequency and frequency?**

Expected Frequency = (Row Total * Column Total)/N. The top number in each cell of the table is the observed frequency and the bottom number is the expected frequency.

## How are expected frequencies calculated for the chi-square test of independence?

The Chi-square test of independence works by comparing the observed frequencies (so the frequencies observed in your sample) to the expected frequencies if there was no relationship between the two categorical variables (so the expected frequencies if the null hypothesis was true).

**How would you print a bar chart that you have just produced?**

Question 10

- a) In Output Viewer, click File, Print, select the bar chart and click OK.
- b) In Variable Viewer, open bar chart, click File, Print, OK.
- c) In Chart Editor, click Descriptive Statistics, Print, OK.
- d) In Data Editor, open Graphs dialog box, click Save, OK.

**How do I make a frequency table in SPSS?**

Quick Steps

- Click on Analyze -> Descriptive Statistics -> Frequencies.
- Move the variable of interest into the right-hand column.
- Click on the Chart button, select Histograms, and the press the Continue button.
- Click OK to generate a frequency distribution table.

### How do I report descriptive statistics in SPSS?

Using the Descriptives Dialog Window

- Click Analyze > Descriptive Statistics > Descriptives.
- Add the variables English , Reading , Math , and Writing to the Variables box.
- Check the box Save standardized values as variables.
- Click OK when finished.

**What is expected frequency in chi-square test?**

Expected Frequency = (Row Total * Column Total)/N. The computations can be organized in a two-way table. The top number in each cell of the table is the observed frequency and the bottom number is the expected frequency. The expected frequencies are shown in parentheses.

**What is the meaning of expected frequency in chi-square test?**

What is Expected Frequency? The expected frequency is a probability count that appears in contingency table calculations including the chi-square test. Expected frequencies also used to calculate standardized residuals, where the expected count is subtracted from the observed count in the numerator.

## How do you get the expected frequency?

calculated by multiplying the event’s probability by the number of repeats, e.g. rolling a 6 on a number cube in twenty-four turns: expected frequency = 1/6 x 24 = 4.

**How do you print a bar chart that you have just produced in SPSS?**

To print, click on File | Print (or the printer button in the button bar). The Print dialog box will appear: In the Print dialog box, select whether you want all the visible output printed or just the selected item.

**How do you make a graph from data in SPSS?**

1) Go to the “Graphs” menu and select “Chart Builder.” 2) Select the type of graph and drag it up to the open area. 3) Drag the categorical variable from the column on the left to the area below the graph labeled “X-Axis?”

### How do you report frequencies in SPSS?

**How do you report frequency in statistics?**

When reporting frequencies, do not add any places after the decimal point; only report whole numbers. When reporting percentages, means, and standard deviations, typically include two decimal points.

**How do you analyze frequency in SPSS?**

## How do you write the results of descriptive statistics?

Interpret the key results for Descriptive Statistics

- Step 1: Describe the size of your sample.
- Step 2: Describe the center of your data.
- Step 3: Describe the spread of your data.
- Step 4: Assess the shape and spread of your data distribution.
- Compare data from different groups.

**How do you present statistical results?**

In reporting the results of statistical tests, report the descriptive statistics, such as means and standard deviations, as well as the test statistic, degrees of freedom, obtained value of the test, and the probability of the result occurring by chance (p value).