Is anhydrous ammonia a hazardous material?
Hazard Description Ammonia is an irritant and corrosive to the skin, eyes, respiratory tract and mucous membranes. Exposure to liquid or rapidly expanding gases may cause severe chemical burns and frostbite to the eyes, lungs and skin. Skin and respiratory related diseases could be aggravated by exposure.
What is the NFPA hazard rating for anhydrous ammonia?
Causes severe skin burns and serious eye damage. Flammable gas. Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated. Very toxic to aquatic life….Anhydrous Ammonia: (SDS) Safety Data Sheet.
|HAZARD CLASS:||(US Domestic): 2.2 (Non-Flammable Gas. 49 CFR 173.115)|
|LABEL / PLACARD:||(US Domestic): 2.2, Non-Flammable Gas|
|IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:||UN 1005|
How flammable is anhydrous ammonia?
Fire Hazard: Flammable gas. Ammonia concentrations in the range of 16-25% by volume in air can be ignited if heated to the auto- ignition temperature.
What is subsidiary risk for anhydrous ammonia?
May displace oxygen and cause rapid suffocation. Harmful if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Very toxic to aquatic life.
Do you need Hazmat to haul anhydrous ammonia?
For Anhydrous Ammonia in “domestic transportation” (See 49 CFR § 171.8) and described as UN1005 ammonia, anhydrous 2.2 Inhalation Hazard, an HMSP is not required.
Can anhydrous ammonia explode?
The hazards of anhydrous ammonia, however, aren’t small. Sprayed on skin or eyes, it causes severe burns. Inhaled as a gas, it can fatally damage the lungs. And stored in liquid form, it can explode under the right conditions.
What neutralizes anhydrous ammonia?
Anhydrous ammonia contains no water. Anhydrous is the Greek word for “without water.” Anhydrous ammonia has a very strong affinity for water. It requires large quantities of water to neutralize its caustic effects on moist areas of the body. When anhydrous ammonia contacts water, it forms ammonium hydroxide.
How do you transport anhydrous ammonia?
Anhydrous ammonia will be transported by rail in a DOT 105J series insulated tank car. This tank car has a capacity of 33,500 gallons. The tank will have a pressure relief valve set to open at an internal tank pressure of 225 psi. All valving will be on top of the rail car.
How fast can you pull anhydrous tanks?
Speed limit—The speed limit for anhydrous ammonia tanks is 25 mph and a SMV emblem must be displayed.
What do you do if you inhale anhydrous ammonia?
First Aid for Inhalation: Move the person to fresh air. If breathing has stopped perform artificial respiration and administer oxygen if available. Contact EMS.
What does E stand for in HazChem?
HazChem safety parameters
What does HazChem 3we mean?
For motor spirit with UN number 1203, the HAZCHEM code is 3YE, and this would mean: 3- Use Foam only. Y- Can be violently (V) reactive or explosive. Breathing apparatus plus protective gloves to be used in case of fire. The personal protective equipment is not a requirement in case of spillage.
What happens when you mix anhydrous ammonia and water?
When anhydrous ammonia comes in contact with water, it forms an alkali that chemically burns animal tissue. The chemical burns into the body tissue unless it is diluted by large quantities of water.
How far can anhydrous ammonia travel?
Temperature/Pressure Relationships Because anhydrous ammonia is stored under high pressure, a sudden rupture can shoot ammonia 10 to 20 feet from the point of release.
Where can you find anhydrous ammonia?
It is found in water, soil and air, and is a source of much needed nitrogen for plants and animals. How is ammonia applied as a fertilizer? When anhydrous ammonia is applied directly into the soil, it is a pressurized liquid that immediately becomes a vapor after leaving the storage tank.
What pressure is anhydrous ammonia stored at?
250 pounds per square inch
Pressure for Storage Retail storage tanks and nurse tanks for anhydrous ammonia are built to withstand internal pressures of at least 250 pounds per square inch (psi). Terminal storage tanks refrigerate ammonia to minus 28 degrees Fahrenheit. At this temperature, the storage pressure is less than 1 psi.
Why do farmers apply anhydrous ammonia?
In addition to its use as a nitrogen fertilizer, anhydrous ammonia has other purposes on the farm. It has been used with high-moisture grains to control mold growth. When using it with grain, use the same precautions that you use when applying it as fertilizer.
How do you get ammonia out of your lungs?
Drink warm beverages, take steamy baths and use a humidifier to help open your airways and ease your breathing. Contact your doctor right away if your breathing gets worse instead of better over time. Stay away from smoke to let your lungs heal.
Can you smell anhydrous ammonia?
Description. At room temperature, anhydrous ammonia is a colorless, highly irritating gas with a pungent, suffocating odor. It is lighter than air and flammable, with difficulty, at high concentrations and temperatures.
What does the hazchem code 3YE mean?
Let’s start by looking at one of the most common hazchem codes: 3YE. 3 – the number 3 signifies that any fires related to this substance need to be extinguished using foam.
What does the letter E in the HazChem codes signify?
Letter E indicates that the officer in charge should consider civil evacuation of the area.
How deep should you apply anhydrous ammonia?
Applying the anhydrous ammonia at the proper depth (at least 6 to 8 inches in 30 to 40 inch spacings); Using covering disks behind the knives or sealing wings (“beaver tails”) on the knives; and. Applying the anhydrous ammonia at least one to two weeks before planting.
What is the CAS number for ammonia anhydrous?
ammonia, anhydrous 100 7664-41-7 Ingredient name % CAS number There are no additional ingredients present which, within the current knowledge of the supplier and in the concentrations applicable, are classified as hazardous to health or the environment and hence require reporting in this section.
Is ammonia anhydrous 100 dangerous?
State regulations ammonia, anhydrous 100 Yes.Yes.No. Yes.No. Name % Fire hazard Sudden release of pressure Reactive Immediate (acute) health hazard Delayed (chronic) health hazard Composition/information on ingredients International regulations International lists National inventory Australia :This material is listed or exempted.
How is anhydrous ammonia made?
Anhydrous ammonia is created using a process known as the Haber-Bosch Method. Nitrogen from the air is affixed to hydrogen to create ammonia. It was developed first by Fritz Haber in the early 1900s and was later adapted by Carl Bosch to be more practically manufactured on a larger scale for more industrial uses like fertilizers and refrigerants.
What is the phone number for Airgas?
SDS # :012611 Airgas USA, LLC and its affiliates 259 North Radnor-Chester Road Suite 100 Radnor, PA 19087-5283 1-610-687-5253 24-hour telephone :1-866-734-3438 Section 2. Hazards identification